A reasonable accommodation is a modification or adjustment that enables a qualified individual with a disability to enjoy an equal employment opportunity. The modification may be to the job, the work environment, or the way things usually are done. To ensure equal employment opportunity for employees with disabilities, the ADA requires reasonable accommodation in three aspects of employment:
- The application process
- Enabling a qualified individual with a disability to perform the essential functions of a job
- Enabling an employee with a disability to enjoy equal benefits and privileges of employment.
Examples of reasonable accommodations include making existing facilities accessible; job restructuring; modifying the employee’s work schedule; acquiring or modifying equipment; changing tests, training materials, or policies; providing qualified readers or interpreters; and reassignment to a vacant position.